Mold is a fungus that is kind of pesky and once in awhile, actually helpful to humans. You may think you know what mold is, but how does it really work? In order to know how serious mold problems are, it’s important to know what it is all about.
Typically molds can cause the biodegradation of organic materials. This is what causes food to spoil, or your walls to crumble if your mold problem gets bad enough inside of your house. Mold is a fungus, not a plant, so they do not use photosynthesis to grow and create food, they use a process known as heterotrophy.
This means that molds secrete an enzyme which breaks down the surrounding organic material into somethiich breaks down the surrounding organic material into something that is easier for the mold to absorb and digest, allowing it to feed and grow. In the natural world, mold is essential to breaking down organic materials for regeneration and regrowth, but in our homes and buildings, it is quite problematic!
The reasons why some molds have developed mycotoxins, or, the things that make people sick when they are exposed to mold, is because it is a natural evolutionary development to get rid of other organic materials that would be competing with mold in the natural environment. However, humans have found these mycotoxins work a little too well on them!
Molds reproduce by throwing spores into the air, in large quantities. These spores are an ingenious design, and there are many types. Some are better suited to landing in water, and some are perfect for clinging to animal fur until they get carried to the perfect location.
Others just hang around in the air until they get the best opportunity to sprout. Once sprouted, mold remains microscopic for a long time, until a large enough colony grows. By that time, you may have already noticed some adverse health effects from mold exposure. As soon as you see this mold colony, it’s time to call in the professionals!
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